Acknowledgements and Bibliography

A Huge Thank You!

This project has been many years in the making. There are easily 8 feet of research documents and background material sitting in our Lakes to Locks Passage office. The project was compiled and written by Margaret Gibbs and Gretel Schueller, but would not have been possible without the tremendous amount of knowledge, help, and research provided by the following people and institutions. In particular, we would like to thank historian Morris Glenn for his sharing his copious knowledge, writings, and leading us on a few exciting field trips in search of lost forges and mining towns.

  • Adirondack Architectural Heritage (AARCH)
  • Adirondack History Museum
  • Michael Barrett
  • The Burden Iron Works Museum
  • Kevin Franklin
  • Gregory Furness
  • Morris Glenn
  • Dave Hall
  • Peter Hess
  • Zach Hirsch
  • David Hochfelder
  • Joan Hunsden
  • The Institute Archives & Special Collections of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
  • Iron Center Museum in Port Henry
  • Ryan Jones
  • Betty LaMoria
  • Marty Malone
  • Jenifer Monger
  • John Moravek
  • Moriah Historical Society
  • John Neggia
  • Aaron Noble
  • Penfield Homestead Museum
  • Michael Roets
  • Archie Rosenquist
  • Tom Scozzafava
  • John Sweet
  • Brad Utter
  • Brian Venne
  • Robert Weible
  • Virginia Westbrook

BIBLIOGRAPHY

NEWSPAPERS

  • Elizabethtown Post and Gazette (Elizabethtown, NY)
  • Essex County Republican (Keeseville, NY)
  • New York Times
  • Plattsburgh Republican
  • Plattsburgh Sentinel
  • Ticonderoga Sentinel

MANUSCRIPT SOURCES

  • Clintonville, NY, Iron Works Records, 1825-1890, Benjamin F. Feinberg Library, State University of New York, College at Plattsburgh, Plattsburgh, NY
  • Hammond Family Business Papers, Carl R. Kroch Library, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
  • McIntyre Family Papers, Adirondack Museum Library, Blue Mountain Lake, NY

ARTICLES

  • Allen, Ross F., James C. Dawson, Morris F. Glenn, Robert B. Gordon, David J. Killick and Richard Ward. “An Archeological Survey of Bloomery Forges in the Adirondacks.” IA: The Journal of the Society for Industrial Archeology 1 (1990): 3-20.
  • American Iron and Steel Institute. “Directory of Iron and Steel works of the United States and Canada.” New York, 1873-1908.
  • Anderson, Sven A. and Augustus Jones.  “Iron in the Adirondacks.” Economic Geography 4 (1945): 276-285.
  • Barker, Elmer Eugene.  The Story of Crown Point Iron. Proceedings of the New York State Historical Association, vol. XL, New York History, vol. XXIII (1942): 419-436.
  • Bixby, George F., S. Norton, Marie Parcello Bixby, and Helen Stephenson Bixby. “The History of the Iron Ore Industry on Lake Champlain.” Proceedings of the New York State Historical Association, vol. 10 (1911), pp. 169, 171-237.
  •  Blake, William P.  “Contribution to the Early History of the Industry of Phosphate of Lime in the United States.” Transaction of the American Institute of Mining Engineers XXI (1893): 157-159.
  • Blake, William P.  “Note on the Magnetic Separation of Iron-Ore at the Sanford Ore-Bed, Moriah, Essex County, N. Y., in 1852.” Transactions of American Institute of Mining Engineers XXI (1893): 378-379.
  • Blatchly, Charles A.  “Iron Mines at Port Henry, N. Y.” Engineering and Mining Journal 12 (1920): 702-704.
  • Dawson, James C., John R. Moravek, Morris F. Glenn, Gordon C. Pollard. “Iron Industry of the Eastern Adirondack Region.” NYS Geological Association (1988).
  • Dewey, Frederic P. “A Preliminary Descriptive Catalogue of the Systematic Collections in Economic Geology and Metallurgy in the U.S. National Museum.” Bulletin of the United States National Museum. No. 42. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1891.
  • Doerflinger, Thomas M.  “Rural Capitalism in Iron Country: Staffing a Forest Factory, 1808-1815.” The William and Mary Quarterly 1 (2002): 3-38.
  • Kellogg, L. O.  “The Magnetite Mines near Port Henry, N. Y.” Engineering and Mining Journal 19(1913): 863-868.
  • Lamoreaux, David. Baseball in the Late Nineteenth Century: The Source of its Appeal.  Journal of Popular Culture 3 (1977): 597–613.
  • Liston, John.  “Electric Power in the Iron Mines and Mills of Witherbee, Sherman & Company, Mineville, N. Y.” General Electric Review 2 (1912): 105-115.
  • Majewski, John, Christopher Baer and Daniel B. Klein.  “Responding to Relative Decline: The Plank Road Boom of Antebellum New York.” Journal of Economic History 1 (1993): 106-122.
  • Neu, Irene D.  “Iron-Ore Mining in the New York Adirondacks.” Explorations in Entrepreneurial History 3 (1950): 35-43.
  • Null, Janet A.  “Abandoned in the Wilderness: Survival and Rescue at the Adirondack Iron Works.”  APT Bulletin 1 (2009): 49-55.
  • Preston, Daniel.  “The Administration and Reform of the U.S. Patent Office, 1790-1836. Journal of the Early Republic 3 (1985): 331-353.
  • Remling, Jeff.  “Patterns of Procurement and Politic: Building Ships in the Civil War.” The Northern Mariner 1 (2008): 16-29.
  • Seely, Bruce E.  “Blast Furnace Technology in the Mid-19th Century: A Case Study of the Adirondack Iron and Steel Company.” IA: The Journal of the Society for Industrial Archeology 1 (1981): 27-54.
  • Stoltz, Guy C.  “The Cheever Mines, Port Henry, N. Y.” Engineering and Mining Journal 17 (1911):809-812.
  • Stoltz, Guy C.  “Development Methods at Mineville.” Engineering and Mining Journal 17 (1912): 792-795.
  • Stoltz, Guy C and Samuel Shapira.  “Modern Mining Power Plant–I.” Engineering and Mining Journal 11 (1911): 501-504.
  • Stoltz, Guy C. and Samuel Shapira.  “Modern Mining Power Plant–II.” Engineering and Mining Journal 12 (1911): 553-555.
  • Witherbee Thomas F.  “The Iron Mountain, and the Plant of the Mexican National Iron and Steel Co., Durango, Mexico.” Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers XXXII (1901): 156-163.
  • Witherbee, Thomas F.  “Fluxing Siliceous Iron-Ore.” Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers VI (1877-1876): 164-170.
  • Witherbee, Thomas F.  “Notes on Two Scaffolds at the Cedar Point Blast Furnace.” Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers IX (1880): 41-48.
  • Witherbee, Thomas F.  “Removing Obstructions from Blast-Furnace Hearth and Boshes.” Transaction of the Institute of American Mining Engineers XII (1884): 675-679.
  • Witherbee, Thomas F.  “Special Forms of Blast-Furnace Charging-Apparatus.” Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers XXXV (1904): 575-586.
  • Witherbee, Thomas F.  “The Cedar Point Iron Company’s Furnace, No. 1 at Port Henry, Essex County, New York.” Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers IV (1875-1876): 369-381.
  • Witherbee, Thomas F.  “The Manufacture of Bessemer Pig-Metal at the Fletcherville Charcoal Furnace, near Mineville, Essex County, New York.” Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers II (1873-1874): 65-78.
  • Witherbee, Thomas F.  “The Use of High Explosives in the Blast-Furnace.” Transactions of the  American Institute of Mining Engineers X (1881): 206-212.
  • Witherbee, Thomas F.  “The Working of Three Hearths at the Cedar Point Furnace, Port Henry, New York.” Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers VIII (1879): 34-41.
  • Witherbee, Thomas F.  Heat-Requirements and Gas Analysis at Cedar Point Furnace, Port Henry, NY.” Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers V (1876-1877): 618-623.

BOOKS

  • Allen, Richard S., William Gove, Keith F. Maloney, Richard F. Palmer. Rails in the North Woods. Sylvan Beach: North Country Books, 1978
  • Appleby, Joyce.  Inheriting the Revolution: The First Generation of Americans. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000.
  • Boorstin, Daniel J.  The Americans: The National Experience. New York: Vintage Books, 1965.
  • Cooper, Carolyn.  Shaping Invention: Thomas Blanchard’s Machinery and Patent Management in Nineteenth-Century America. New York: Columbia University Press, 1992.
  • Farrell, Patrick F.  Through the Light Hole: A Saga of Adirondack Mines and Men. Utica: North Country Books, 1996.
  • Glenn, Morris F. Lake Champlain Album, Volume 2. Alexandria: Morris F. Glenn, 1979
  • Gordon, Robert B.  American Iron, 1607-1900. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press, 2001.
  • Hammond, John. John Hammond. Died May 29, 1889, at home, Crown Point, N.Y. Born August 17, 1827, at Crown Point, in the old house, now standing next West of his late residence. Chicago: P.F. Pettibone & Co., 1890.
  • Hartley, E. N. Ironworks on the Saugus: The Lynn and Braintree Ventures of the Company of Undertakers of the Ironworks in New England. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1957.
  • Howe, Daniel Walker.  What Hath God Wrought: The Transformation of America, 1815-1848 New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.
  • Kalm, Peter.  Travels into North America. London, 1772.
  • Larson, John Lauritz.  The Market Revolution in America: Liberty, Ambition, and the Eclipse of the Common Good. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
  • McCoy, Drew R.  The Elusive Republic: Political Economy in Jeffersonian America. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1980.
  • MacHugh, Jeanne. Alexander Holley and the Makers of Steel. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980.
  • Metheny, Karen Bescherer. From the Miners’ Doublehouse: Archaeology and Landscape in a Pennsylvania Coal Company Town. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2007.
  • Misa, Thomas J.  A Nation of Steel: The Making of Modern America, 1865-1925. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press, 1999.
  • Nason, Henry B., ed. Biographical Record of the Officers and Graduates of the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 1824-1886. Troy, NY
  • Peskin, Lawrence A.  Manufacturing Revolution: The Intellectual Origins of Early American Industry. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003.
  • Ransom, James M.  Vanishing Ironworks of the Ramapos: The Story of the Forges, Furnaces, and Mines of the New Jersey – New York Border Area. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1966.
  • Royce, Caroline Halsted. Bessboro: A History of Westport, Essex County, New York. New York, 1902.
  • Smith, H. P., ed.  History of Essex County. Syracuse, NY, 1885.
  • Spaulding, Samuel S. History of Crown Point, from 1800-1874. Port Henry, NY, 1874.
  • Walker, Joseph E. Hopewell Village: A Social and Economic History of an Iron-Making Community. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1966.
  • Warner, Charles Bond, C. Eleanor Hall. History of Port Henry, N.Y. Tuttle Company, 1931.
  • Watson, Winslow C.  The Military and Civil History of the County of Essex, New York. Albany, NY, 1869.
  • Westbrook, Jack H. Material Memories of The Mohawk-Hudson Region. New York: Purple Mountain Press, 2007.
  • Westbrook, Virginia. Relishing Our Resources: Along Lake Champlain in Essex County, New York. Crown Point, New York: Champlain Valley Heritage Network, 2001.
  • Whitford, Noble E. History of the Canal System of the State of New York Together with Brief Histories of the Canals of the United States and Canada, Volume I. 1906. Supplement to the Annual Report of the State Engineer and Surveyor of the State of New York for the Fiscal Year Ending September 30, 1905. Albany, NY, 1906.
  • Witherbee, Frank S. History of the Iron Industry of Essex County, New York. Prepared for the Essex County Republican, 1906.
  • Van Klooster, Henry Sjoerd 125 Years of Chemistry from the Rensselaer Polytecnic Institute. Journal of Chemical Education, Vol.26, Page 346, Troy, NY, 1949

DISSERTATIONS

  • Friedman, Ann-Isabel. Mineville, New York: A Concrete Industrial Village in the Heart of the Adirondack Forests. (Masters Thesis). University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA., 1990
  • Moravek, John Richard. The Iron Industry as a Geographic Force in the Adirondack-Champlain Region of New York State, 1800-1971. Ph.D. diss., University of Tennessee, 1976.
  • Rosenquist, Valerie.  The Iron Ore Eaters: A Portrait of the Mining Community of Moriah, New York. Ph.D.diss., Duke University, 1976.
  • Sportman, Sarah P.  Halcyon Days: The Historical Archeology of Community and Identity at Hammondville,  New York, 1870-1900. Ph.D. diss., University of Connecticut, 2011.

UNPUBLISHED SOURCES

  • Allen, Richard Sanders.  “Fletcherville Furnace.” 1979.
  • Murphy, Daniel. Reflections and Reminiscences of Daniel J. Murphy, who with his parents, a brother and sister    became residents of Port Henry, N.Y., in the Spring of 1863 – with extracts from the diaries of his father M.F. Murphy – moving to Cheever in the Spring of 1865. This was copied by Mrs. Elizabeth H. Reichert at the request of G.H. Smith, Lewis, N.Y. 1944.
  • Glenn, Morris. “Glenn’s History of the Adirondacks (Essex Co., New York), Volume 10: The Adirondack-American Bloomery Process for Making Iron at the Ironville, New York Forges (1870-1893)” Second Edition, 2016.
  • Glenn, Morris. “James Nelson Stower: The Last Master of Adirondack Charcoal Iron.” 2016.
  • Glenn, Morris. “Historical Significance of the Frontier Town Forge at the Penfield Museum”, 2016.
  • Glenn, Morris.  “On the Trail of the Monitor(s): Notes for a Tour of the Civil War Iron Works and
  • Civil War Home Front of Crown Point, NY.” 2011.
  • Jones, Ryan C.  “McIntyre’s Gamble: The Adirondack Iron & Steel Company and 19th Century Political Economy.”
  • Pope, Connie. “Hammondville: Essex County Ghost Town.” Plattsburgh, 1968.
  • Seely, Bruce E.  “Adirondack Iron and Steel Company: ‘New Furnace,’ 1849-1854.” Historic American Engineering Record Survey Report NY-123, 1978.
  • United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service.  “Crown Point Green Historic District.” National Register of Historic Places, 2015.
  • United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service.  “The Historic and Architectural Resources of the Town of Moriah, Essex County.” National Register of Historic Places, 1995.

 

 

 

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