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Barn in Battenville – By Jacob Houston- July 15, 2020

  About the Artist Jacob Houston is an enthusiastic participant in the field of art, creating unique paintings as well as building a busy art business. Houston has made an impressive imprint on the regional art field, with feature articles...

British Coordinating Plan of Attack from Canada, 1776-1777- June 30, 2020

In the winter of 1776, George Washington dispatched bookseller Henry Knox to Crown Point and Ticonderoga in order to bring the artillery stored there to Boston Heights. The cannon was used to successfully expel the British from Boston harbor and...

History of Clinton Community College- June 30, 2020

Once offering the height of luxury on Lake Champlain, this grand hotel was located on Bluff Point, now the site of Clinton Community College. The Hotel Champlain opened in 1890.  Operated by the Delaware & Hudson Railroad Company, it offered...

1775-76 Storming of Quebec and St. John- June 30, 2020

Military Establishment at St. John, Quebec. By John Benson Lossing. On June 27, 1775, the newly formed Continental Congress authorized General Philip Schuyler to investigate whether an invasion against the British in Quebec was practical. When Schuyler learned that British...

General John Burgoyne Arrives on the World Stage- June 30, 2020

The course and outcome of the 1777 campaign were largely determined by the experience and ambition of one man: Lieutenant General John Burgoyne. Born to mother Anna Maria and Captain John Burgoyne in 1722, young John Burgoyne was afforded many...

British Taxes and Resistance by the Colonists- June 30, 2020

    To keep the balance of trade favorable to the mother-country, the British had established laws with its colonies that restricted trade with foreign nations. Among the oldest of the restrictions was the Molasses Act of 1733. The act...

Benedict Arnold and the Beginning of the Revolution- June 30, 2020

  Born in 1741, to a well-established merchant family in Norwich, Connecticut, Benedict Arnold had a troubled past. He was the second of six children, but only he and his sister survived to adulthood. Some historians believe that the death...

Join or Die (Video)- June 30, 2020

Camp Surgeon Julius Wasmus- June 30, 2020

Julius Wasmus Julius F. Wasmus was a German surgeon who fought for the British in the American Revolution. Wasmus served in a German regiment, the Braunschweig Dragoons, which was a mounted infantry regiment under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Friedrich...

Introduction to the Germans in the American Revolution by Max Von Eelking- June 30, 2020

An excerpt from William Leete Stone’s Memoirs and Letters and Journals of Major General Riedesel during his Residence in America, Translated from the original German from Max von Eelking’s Memoirs. pg. 21: It must not be overlooked that Prince Carl was forced...

Colonial Expansion and the Indians- June 30, 2020

In order to garner favor with the Indians (and avoid costly conflicts), the British Parliament passed the Proclamation of 1763, which limited the expansion of the Colonies west of the Appalachians. They took further steps to quell Indian uprisings against...

Burgoyne’s Manifesto- June 30, 2020

By John Burgoyne, ESQ, Lieutenant General of his Majesty’s Armies in America, Colonel of the Queen’s Regiment of Light Dragoons, Governor of Fort William in North Britain, one of the Representatives of the Commons of Great Britain in Parliament, and...

1764 Manual of Arms- June 30, 2020

https://archive.org/details/2167044R.nlm.nih.gov/mode/2up The Manual Exercise, as Ordered by His Majesty, in the Year 1764 Click on the arrows to flip the pages of the book.  

Battles at Ticonderoga (Video)- June 30, 2020

Hampshire Grants- June 30, 2020

By the mid-1700s, New England was a bustling place. As the population increased, land was at a premium. Farmers looked westward for plots of land to settle and farm. New Hampshire Governor Benning Wentworth established the New Hampshire Grant, or...

Letter from Riedesel to Burgoyne with Tactical Suggestions- June 30, 2020

Baron Riedesel remained in and around Hubbardton and reported to General Burgoyne that he had a better plan for facilitating the movement of the troops General Riedesel to General Burgoyne, Skenesborough July 22, 1777: “Sir: Your Excellency will remember that...

The Story of the Allen Family Murders- June 30, 2020

Maria McEachron was 18 years old and recently married at the time of her sister’s horrible murder by Burgoyne’s Indians. The story was recorded by Dr. Asa Fitch, a local historian who documented local stories sixty years after the war....

More About Jane McCrea- June 30, 2020

War is often a breeding ground for legends, heroes and heroines. Every area has its own folklore and Fort Edward is no different, which has Jane McCrea who was “murdered” on July 27, 1777. Jane’s death is often referred to...

The Hamlet of Fort Miller- June 30, 2020

At the southernmost tip of the Town of Fort Edward is the Hamlet of Fort Miller. The Hamlet takes its name from the 1709 and 1755 fortifications on the opposite side of the river, which protected a portage north of...

Siege and Surrender of Burgoyne- June 30, 2020

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Lady Acland: The Wounded Left Behind- June 30, 2020

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Schuylerville: Saratoga Monument (Video)- June 30, 2020

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Contents of the instructions given to Lieut Col. Baum with regard to an Expedition which he is to command- June 30, 2020

The intention of this Expedition is to dive into the Sentiments of the Inhabitants, to remount the Regiment of Dragoons and attempt furnishing the Army with Horses, Cattle and Waggons. He was to take the Route of Arlington, Manchester and...

Speech of Lieut. Genl. Burgoyne to the Indians in Congress at the Camp Upon the River Bouquet (Abridged)- June 30, 2020

June 21, 1777 Chiefs and Warriors The Great King, Our common Father and the Patron of all who seek and deserve his Protection; has considered with satisfaction the general conduct of the Indian tribes form the beginning of the troubles...

Description of the Indians by Lt. James Hadden- June 30, 2020

Find Hadden's Journal Here [excerpts] The Men are in general tall, active & well made, qualifications absolutely necessary for a Race of Hunters : a small Tuft of Hair is left on the back part of their Heads, To which they...

General Riedesel to General Burgoyne, Skenesborough July 22, 1777- June 30, 2020

Sir: Your Excellency will remember that in the spring, on your arrival at Three Rivers, yon gave me permission always to express my opinion to you freely, whenever an opportunity for doing well to the regiments offered itself. The position...

Thoughts for Conducting the War from the Side of Canada- June 30, 2020

By Lieutenant-General Burgoyne. WHEN the last ships came from Quebec, a report prevailed in Canada, said to have been founded upon positive evidence, that the rebels had laid the keels of several large vessels at Skenesborough and Ticonderoga, and were resolved...

The Limestone Quarry at Crown Point- June 30, 2020

According to a local historian, the limestone quarry dates to roughly 1868. It was known as the Fletcher Marble Quarry, a commercial venture by Friend Fletcher (a Vermont entrepreneur who had interests in other Port Henry iron making and lumbering...

The Wreck of the SS Ville du Havre and the Death of Thomas Hammond- June 30, 2020

A member of the influential iron industrialist Hammond family, Thomas Hammond, the son of Charles F. Hammond, lost his life in a product of the iron industry. The SS Ville du Havre (originally called Napoléon III) was a French iron steamship. It was completed...

Philip Skene’s Iron Interests- June 30, 2020

Philip Skene was a career soldier, enlisting in the British Army in 1739.  He saw significant action in Europe and then in North America during the French & Indian War, where he was involved in the 1759 assault on Fort...

The Ideological Significance of Homer Dodge Martin’s The Iron Mine, Port Henry, New York- June 30, 2020

The Ideological Significance of Homer Dodge Martin’s The Iron Mine, Port Henry, New York The iron-ore bed in Craig Harbor near Port Henry, New York, was one of the richest veins in the northeast. Painting by Homer Dodge Martin, “The Iron...

Excerpts from Peter Kalm’s Diary- June 30, 2020

Link to full text of his Travels into North America, 1772 Naturalist Peter Kalm “July the 2d.  EARLY this morning we set out on our journey again, it being moonshine and calm, and we feared lest the wind should change and become...

Pink, the Beloved Morgan Horse of John Hammond- June 30, 2020

Pink was a black Morgan horse owned by General John Hammond. He was foaled and raised on the Hammond family farm in Crown Point with other Morgan horses. Crown Point and Ticonderoga were major breeding places of fast-trotting Morgan horses....

Making Charcoal for Fuel- June 30, 2020

As iron production expanded, so did the need for fuel. In the early days of iron, all furnaces and forges were powered by charcoal made in kilns with wood cut from the forests within economic hauling distance. According to Patrick...

An Iron Glossary- June 30, 2020

An Iron Glossary Cast Iron: Cast iron is strong but can be brittle due to its carbon content, making it less than ideal for working and shaping. As metallurgists became aware that the high carbon content in iron was central to...

Surface Mining vs. Underground Mining- June 30, 2020

There are basically two types of mining. Most mining in this area was underground. However, the open pit that became known as the #21 Mine in Mineville was an attempt to strip mine Adirondack magnetite. Strip mining is a type...

USS Monitor- June 30, 2020

The USS Monitor was an iron-hulled steamship—the first ironclad warship commissioned by the Union Navy. The need for iron plating on ships only arose after the shell-firing cannon was introduced to naval warfare in the 1820s. (The motivation to build the Monitor was prompted...

The Bessemer Process- June 30, 2020

Prior to 1856, there was no easy way to control the carbon level in iron so as to manufacture steel efficiently and cheaply. Yet beginning in the 1830s, the growth of railroads created a huge market for steel. The first...

The Panics and Swedish Labor Strife- June 30, 2020

A panic is the state of the economy that is a result of numerous simultaneous bank runs.  A bank run happens when patrons begin withdrawing their deposits because they believe that the bank is on the verge of becoming insolvent. ...

The Hammondville Churches- June 30, 2020

In his book History of Essex County, published in 1885, H.P. Smith, describes the Church of Christ in Hammondville: “In 1875 and 1876 Rev. J.T. Marsh, acting pastor of the Congregational Church at Ironville, preached occasionally to the Protestant population of...

Historic Weathervane Robbery- June 30, 2020

The cast-iron weathervane you see adorning the top of the White Church is a copy of the original vane depicting archangel Gabriel blowing a tapered trumpet, which was made in 1822 by Crown Point blacksmith William Henry Foster. According to...

Port Henry Iron Ore Company and 21 Pit- June 30, 2020

The Port Henry Iron Ore Company was formed in 1864 by a veritable who’s who of the 19th century iron and steel industry in Troy. There was Henry Burden of H. Burden & Sons; John A. Griswold of Rensselaer Iron Works...

Obituary of Jonathan Witherbee- June 30, 2020

Jonathan G. Witherbee died in Port Henry on August 25, 1875, at age 54. On his death, the New York Tribune noted: “Mr Witherbee began his life without means, and succeeded in amassing a large fortune, owning one-third of the firm Witherbees...

RPI:  Cultivating the Science of Iron Mining- June 30, 2020

The Rensselaer School was established in 1824 by Stephen Van Rensselaer “for the purpose of instructing persons … in the application of science to the common purposes of life.” In 1833 the school became the Rensselaer Institute, and in the...

Mining Deaths- June 30, 2020

Mining Deaths Recorded Mining Deaths from 1903-1913. From The Iron Ore Eaters by Valerie Rosenquist  

Raymond Wright- June 30, 2020

Moriah hometown hero Raymond “Buzz” Wright was awarded the Medal of Honor for his heroic actions while serving as an army rifleman in Vietnam (Specialist Four in Company A of the 3d Battalion, 60th Infantry Regiment, 9th Infantry Division.) On...

Shock Prison- June 30, 2020

The Moriah Shock Prison is an example of a former mining facility—built in 1943, the Fisher Hill Mine facilities were run by Republic Steel—that was successfully repurposed. Set in the foothills of the Adirondack Mountains, the site is now a...

The 1913 Mineville Strike- June 30, 2020

The 1913 Mineville Strike On March 25, 1911, the death of 146 garment workers in the fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory in Manhattan was a tragedy that prompted reforms in workplace health and safety across the country.  Following an...

Plank Roads- June 30, 2020

The first plank road in the United States was built in Syracuse in 1846 and quickly became a popular option because of inexpensive construction costs and no need for engineers to build one.  Plank roads could be traveled year round...

Grover Hills: Moriah’s Own Levitttown- June 30, 2020

This page is under construction.  

Detour – Climb the CATS Cheney Mountain Trail- June 30, 2020

Detour: Climb CATS Cheney Mt Trail (1.5 mi RT) for a view of Republic Steel’s #7 Mill (sintering plant) and the 12.5 million ton tailings pile. Trailhead on south side of Pelfershire Rd 1.4 mi west of Rt 22/9N. Walk around the fenced gate...

Detour – Racetrack Site- June 30, 2020

Detour: You can get a glimpse of the racetrack where Sherman displayed his horses–and his women–on the north-west side of Forge Hollow Road. This is the track Marty Malone talks about on the audio.    

Cheever Ore Bed- June 30, 2020

From History of the Iron Industry in Essex County By Frank S. Witherbee, 1906: “This bed, the oldest in the town, is situated about one and a half miles north of the village of Port Henry. The knowledge of the existence of...

Port Henry: Adirondack Movie Capital (Video)- June 30, 2020

Detour to the Grand Homes Spring Street- June 30, 2020

View the grand homes of mine owners and mistresses on Spring Street.   

Detour to the Iron Center Museum- June 30, 2020

Iron Center Museum Contacts Moriah Historical Society President 34 Park Place Port Henry, NY 12974 Get Directions  518/546-3587 [email protected] The site is wheelchair accessible, has a restroom, and plenty of parking. Donations are accepted. DON'T MISS THIS WHEN VISITING Videos...

The Cedar Point Blast Furnace- June 30, 2020

“The Cedar Point Iron Company’s Furnace No. 1 at Port Henry, Essex County, NY.” By T.F. Witherbee, which appeared in Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers, Volume 4, 1876, excerpt: “The site selected for the furnace was, at the...

The Clapp-Griffith Steel Method- June 30, 2020

Clapp-Griffith method, invented in England, was tried in 1885 in Pittsburgh. It was designed to produce good steel with a high phosphorus content. By 1886, there were eight Clapp-Griffith plants in operation in the United States—including the one at Cedar...

Burgoyne’s Manifesto- June 30, 2020

By John Burgoyne, ESQ, Lieutenant General of his Majesty’s Armies in America, Colonel of the Queen’s Regiment of Light Dragoons, Governor of Fort William in North Britain, one of the Representatives of the Commons of Great Britain in Parliament, and...

Burgoyne’s Speech to the Indians- June 30, 2020

The substance of the Speech of Lieut. Genl. Burgoyne to the Indians in Congress at the Camp Upon the River Boquet June 21, 1777 Chiefs and Warriors The Great King, Our common Father and the Patron of all who seek...

Description of the Indians by Lt. James Hadden- June 30, 2020

[excerpts] The Men are in general tall, active & well made, qualifications absolutely necessary for a Race of Hunters : a small Tuft of Hair is left on the back part of their Heads, To which they fasten & wear...

Burgoyne’s Speech to the Indians- June 30, 2020

The substance of the Speech of Lieut. Genl. Burgoyne to the Indians in Congress at the Camp Upon the River Boquet June 21, 1777 Chiefs and Warriors The Great King, Our common Father and the Patron of all who seek...

Oath sworn by Braunschweigers- June 30, 2020

“You hereby promise and make oath to God upon his holy word, that, in consequence of a subsidiary treaty made between the most excellent, high and mighty prince and lord, George III, by the grace of God, king of Great...

Detour to Schuyler House- June 30, 2020

Contacts Information Desk 648 Route 32 Stillwater, NY 12170 Get Directions  518-664-9821 ext. 1777 [email protected] http://www.nps.gov/sara     Entrance fees: charged at the Battlefield from May 1 to October 31. Cars are $5 each, hikers/bicyclists are $3 each, annual passes...

Thoughts for conducting the War from the Side of Canada- June 30, 2020

By Lieutenant-General Burgoyne. WHEN the last ships came from Quebec, a report prevailed in Canada, said to have been founded upon positive evidence, that the rebels had laid the keels of several large vessels at Skenesborough and Ticonderoga, and were...

General Riedesel to General Burgoyne, Skenesborough July 22, 1777- June 30, 2020

Sir: Your Excellency will remember that in the spring, on your arrival at Three Rivers, yon gave me permission always to express my opinion to you freely, whenever an opportunity for doing well to the regiments offered itself. The position...

Baum’s Instructions- June 30, 2020

Contents of the instructions given to Lieut Col. Baum with regard to an Expedition which he is to command The intention of this Expedition is to dive into the Sentiments of the Inhabitants, to remount the Regiment of Dragoons and...

Baum’s First Letter to Burgoyne- June 30, 2020

After receiving a letter from Burgoyne to halt on the Batten Kill, Baum writes the following letter to Burgoyne. Sir, I had the honor of acquainting your Excellency – by a man sent yesterday evening by Col. Skeene to headquarters...

The Return of Eunice Campbell Reid [1777]- June 30, 2020

http://www.amazon.com/Their-Own-Voices-Accounts-Washington/dp/1463648928/ref=dp_ob_image_bk When on our way home from Burgoyne's camp we stopped several days at John McNeil's. Whilst there a a large party of Brunswickers, to the number of 30 or more, came and went into Mister McNeil's potato field and...

18th Century Chintz Dresses- June 30, 2020

Chintz (plural of chint) is a glazed plain-woven textile made from unbleached and unprocessed cotton that contains a multi-color floral print pattern. Originally used for bed covers and draperies, the (east) Indian fabric was a major European import until a...

Their Own Voices: Oral Accounts of Early Settlers in Washington County, NY- June 30, 2020

The Written Word Beginning in the 1840s and continuing until his death, Dr. Asa Fitch (1809-1878) of Salem, NY, interviewed elderly neighbors, questioning them about the time of first European settlement, the Revolutionary War, and the first decades of the...

Baum’s Second Letter to Burgoyne- June 30, 2020

Sir, In consequence of your Excellency’s orders I moved this morning at 4 o’clock with the corps under my command, and after a march of 16 miles arrived at Cambridge at 4 in the evening. On the road I received...

Baum’s Third Letter to Burgoyne- June 30, 2020

“Sancoick, 14th August, 1777. 9 o’clock. Sir, I have the honor to inform your Excellency that I arrived here at 9 in the morning, having had intelligence of a party of the enemy being in possession of a mill, which...

Baum’s Fourth Letter to Burgoyne- June 30, 2020

Sir, I HAD the honour of writing to your excellency, and to General Fraser, this morning at four o’clock acquainting you to the disposition I had made, as well as the situation of the enemy, to which I take the...

Riedesel’s Reaction to Bennington- June 30, 2020

Late August 1777, to the Duke (after Bennington) Fortune is often fickle, but especially so in war, a fact of which the following unpleasant event is a proof. Misfortune has fallen in an especial manner upon a portion of your...

Crown Point and Benedict Arnold- June 30, 2020

On August 30, 1775, General Richard Montgomery departed Crown Point with 1,500 men in what would be a failed attempt to capture Quebec. By year’s end, he would be dead—and Benedict Arnold badly wounded.  Arnold and the survivors of the...

Benedict Arnold’s Personal Troubles- June 30, 2020

  Benedict Arnold’s time on Lake Champlain was filled with grief. He had continual run-ins with his fellow officers. First he disputed with Ethan Allen over command of Fort Ticonderoga when they stormed it in 1776. Then Arnold’s command was...

Port Henry – Adirondack Movie Capital- June 30, 2020

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Ask a Local: The Top Five Birding Spots in Washington County- December 4, 2019

Life-long birder and Argyle native Bob Henke shares his five favorite places to see local birds. With its mixture of grasslands, marshes, and woods, Washington County offers some of the best birding around. It’s home to several Important Bird Areas...

News & Media

2011 Lakes to Locks Passage Annual Partnership Award- December 4, 2019

The Lakes to Locks Passage Annual Partnership Award is presented to an organization or individual that has done exemplary work in the stewardship of natural, cultural, recreational and historic resources while fostering inter-municipal cooperation; thereby furthering the vision, goals and...

Executive Director of NYS Tourism Keynote Speaker at Lakes to Locks Passage 2013 Annual Meeting- December 4, 2019

Lakes to Locks Passage, Inc. held its 2013 Annual Meeting on Thursday October 10, 2013 at the Crandall Public Library in Glens Falls, NY. Randy Beach of Plattsburgh, George Hodgson of Northumberland, Lisa Hall of Bolton, Peter Repas of Castleton,...

Lakes to Locks Passage 2014 Annual Meeting Focus on NYS Canal System- December 4, 2019

Lakes to Locks Passage, Inc. held its 2014 Annual Meeting on Wednesday October 8, 2014 at the Crandall Public Library in Glens Falls, NY. Dee Carroll of Westport, Lisa Hall of Bolton, Bruce Ferguson of Salem, Ric Didonato of Hoosick...

Lakes to Locks Passage 2015 Workshops- December 4, 2019

Lakes to Locks Passage is presenting a series of workshops and roundtables for local museums and non-profits to build strong governance, improve capacity, and create collaborations. Click the .PDF to see the schedule. This program is made possible by the New...

Lakes to Locks Passage IPW2015 Press Kit- December 4, 2019

Lakes to Locks Passage takes you through a spectacular landscape in upstate New York laden with history, nature, and recreational areas to explore. Find your way through three story-filled regions that connect the historic waters of Lake Champlain, Lake George...

Lakes to Locks Passage to Hold Battlefield Stewardship Workshops- December 4, 2019

Crown Point, NY (April 4, 2016) – Historians, museums, cultural groups and community members are invited to join one of two workshops on battlefield stewardship to be held at two locations – Wednesday April 13, 2016 1-4 PM in the...

MapGuide to Tell the Region’s Authentic Story- December 4, 2019

GLENS FALLS, NY (September 30, 2011) — Congressman Paul Tonko was on hand at the Lakes to Locks Passage Annual Meeting to launch the exciting collaboration with National Geographic to highlight the world-class historic, natural, recreational and cultural attractions along...

New York State Canal Corporation Director to Speak at Lakes to Locks Passage 2014 Annual Meeting- December 4, 2019

The Board of Lakes to Locks Passage, Inc. invites the public to attend their Annual Meeting on Wednesday, October 8 from 10:00 AM to 1:00 PM, at the Crandall Public Library, 251 Glen Street, Glens Falls, NY. This year’s distinguished...

Senator Betty Little Keynote Speaker at Lakes to Locks Passage 2012 Annual Meeting- December 4, 2019

Lakes to Locks Passage, Inc. held its 2012 Annual Meeting on Thursday, September 27, 2012 at the Crandall Public Library in Glens Falls NY.  Carmella Mantello of Troy, John Giordano of Delmar and Stephanie Safka of Whitehall, NY were elected...